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The correlation of alkalis and aluminum during high-temperature volatilization of albite and nephelineOur previous study of high-temperature evaporation of mafic targets has shown a systematic enrichment of newly-formed condensates in silicon and alkalis and depletion in refractory elements (Al, Ca, Ti). This effect, which is consistent with the volatility of the elements, was also tested for several experiments with acidic targets. In one case it was the impact evaporation of granite targets using a light-gas gun facility. Analyses of the condensate which was collected during the impact show that it was enriched in Al and Na so that the composition of the condensate became close to nepheline. In the work of Nagahara, an incongruent evaporation of alkali feldspars under stationary conditions has been also proposed. These discoveries required a more detailed study of high-temperaure evaporation of monomineralic Al-silicate targets. In these experiments, we have used samples of oligoclase and of nepheline. Vaporization of samples was performed in a hermetic cell filled with helium at normal temperature and pressure using a powerful Nd-laser focused on the sample. Laser pulses had the following parameters: luminous energy approximately 600 J, duration approximately 10(exp -3) s, density of luminosity was approximately 5 x 10(exp 6) W/sq cm, the temperature of vaporization is about 3000-4000 K. About 4 cm from the sample, a nickel foil was placed on which the condensate was collected. Films of condensate were analyzed using X-Ray Photo-Electron spectrometer ES-2401. The measurement of internal chemical composition and of the charging state of elements through the whole depth of the condensed films was made layer by layer with argon-ion etching of 200 A of the film per step. Results of this study are given. The bottom layers of condensed film correspond to the front parts of the evaporated cloud or to condensation at the beginning of the evaporative process and surface layers to condensation at the end of the process.
Document ID
19940007742
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Dikov, Yu. P. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Gerasimov, M. V. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Yakovlev, O. I. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Wlotzka, F. (Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Chemie Mainz, Germany)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
INORGANIC AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19940007055Analytic PrimarySixth Annual Workshop on Space Operations Applications and Research (SOAR 1992), volume 219940007543Analytic PrimaryTwenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F