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Development of a molecular beam technique to study early solar system silicon reactionsSilicon monoxide is one of the major gas phase silicon bearing components observed in astronomical environments. Silicon oxide serves as the major rock forming material for terrestrial and meteoritic bodies. It is known that several gas phase reactions produce mass independent isotopic fractionations which possess the same delta(O-17)/delta(O-18) ratio observed in Allende inclusions. The general symmetry dependence of the chemically produced mass independent isotopic fractionation process suggests that there are several plausible reactions which could occur in the early solar system which may lead to production of the observed meteoritic oxygen isotopic anomalies. An important component in exploring the role of such processes is the need to experimentally determine the isotopic fractionations for specific reactions of relevance to the early solar system. It has already been demonstrated that atomic oxygen reaction with CO, a major nebular oxygen bearing species, produces a large (approximately 90 percent), mass independent isotopic fractionation. The next hurdle regarding assessing the involvement of symmetry dependent isotopic fractionation processes in the pre-solar nebula is to determine isotopic fractionation factors associated with gas phase reactions of metallic oxides. In particular, a reaction such as O + SiO yields SiO2 is a plausible nebular reaction which could produce a delta(O-17) is approximately delta(O-18) fractionation based upon molecular symmetry considerations. While the isotopic fractionations during silicate evaporation and condensation have been determined, there are no isotopic studies of controlled, gas phase nucleation processes. In order to carefully control the reaction kinetics, a molecular beam apparatus has been constructed. This system produces a supersonic, collimated beam of SiO molecules which is reacted with a second beam of oxygen atoms. An important feature of molecular beams is that they operate at sufficiently low pressures and high temperatures in the jet that avalanche nucleation and clustering processes may be avoided.
Document ID
19940007752
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Dong, Q. W. (California Univ., San Diego La Jolla, CA, United States)
Thiemens, M. H. (California Univ., San Diego La Jolla, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
ASTROPHYSICS
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19940007055Analytic PrimarySixth Annual Workshop on Space Operations Applications and Research (SOAR 1992), volume 219940007543Analytic PrimaryTwenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F