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Solar wind-induced secondary ions and their relation to lunar surface compositionBased on previous laboratory experiments simulating solar wind sputtering of lunar surface materials, it appears that solar wind ions sputter secondary ions in sufficient numbers to be measured from low-altitude lunar orbit. Solar wind protons are hundreds of times less efficient than those used in standard secondary ion mass spectrometry; nevertheless secondary ions of Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Mn, Ti and Fe were observed sputtered from sample simulants of mare and highland soils. These secondary ion fluxes depend both on concentration in the soil and on probability of ionization; yields of easily ionized elements such as K and Na are relatively much greater than those for the more electronegative elements and compounds. The principal geochemical indicator elements Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Mn and Fe are nevertheless detectable. However, it has not been shown that the observed secondary ions vary strictly one-to-one with their concentrations in the geochemically distinct soil simulants used here. While we have a first order understanding of secondary ion sputtering, it is not clear that the observed ion yields can be linked with great accuracy to the simulant's composition. The simulants were analyzed by electron microprobe to establish their detailed composition. The observed secondary ion fluxes can then be compared with the microprobe results. For example Ti(+) fluxes from the three simulants correspond to the true composition with accuracies of better than 10 percent for the high-Ti basalt, and about 20 percent for the low-Ti simulant. The highlands simulant produced a statistically insignificant Ti(+) count rate. Here we discuss the results of further SIMS experiments using the ASU/Center for Solid State Science facility. With careful isolation and preparation of samples, we avoid the problems of the previous experiments. In particular, we will make use of ground-up sample to mimic the sputtering behavior of regolith, and will avoid charging by placing the soil on a conducting indium substrate. We report the results of a blind test of the SIMS technique using a sample of unknown composition.
Document ID
19940007760
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Elphic, R. C. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Funsten, H. O, III (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Hervig, R. L. (Arizona State Univ. Tempe., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
SOLAR PHYSICS
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19940007055Analytic PrimarySixth Annual Workshop on Space Operations Applications and Research (SOAR 1992), volume 219940007543Analytic PrimaryTwenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F