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Vulcanian explosive eruptions: A mechanism for localised pyroclast dispersal on VenusA model of the mechanisms involved in transient (vulcanian-type) explosive eruptions has enabled us to place constraints on the velocities of blocks ejected during such events on Earth as well as on the excess pressure and concentration of gas in the vent prior to the onset of the explosion. This model, suitably modified, can predict the results of similar eruptions occurring under the differing Venusian environmental conditions. It is found that the much higher atmospheric pressure (approximately 100 bars at the mean planetary radius) dominates the form of the resulting deposit in two main ways: (1) by inhibiting the expansion out of the vent of overpressured gas, hence reducing ejecta velocity; and (2) by retarding the flight of ejected blocks via drag effects. Thus, it is expected that such deposits will typically extend to approximately 200 m on Venus as compared to several km for documented terrestrial deposits.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Fagents, S. A.
(Lancaster Univ.)
Wilson, L.
(Lancaster Univ.)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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