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A comparison of the visible and near infrared reflectance of hydrovolcanic palagonite tuffs and Martian weathered soilsThe visible and near infrared reflectance of Martian weathered soils, abundant in the bright regions, have been shown to resemble certain examples of the X-ray amorphous mineraloid palagonite. To date, most comparisons between terrestrial palagonites and Martian telescopic spectra have been done using palagonites that were formed under ambient semi-arid weathering conditions on Hawaiian volcanoes such as Mauna Kea. Here we examine palagonites associated with the tephra deposits that make up tuff rings and tuff cones. Tuff rings and tuff cones result from hydrovolcanic activity, defined as the interaction of magmas (in this instance, of basaltic composition) with surface or near-surface water. Tuff rings and tuff cones can contain variable amounts of country rock and juvenile crystals, but their primary constituent is fine grained sideromelane (basaltic glass). Sideromelane alters to palagonite. Unlike the aforementioned Hawaiian palagonites, the alteration of sideromelane to palagonite seems to occur relatively rapidly in tuff cones, on the order of days to months. In comparing the spectra of hydrovolcanically produced palagonites with telescopic spectra of Mars, one is struck by their similarity in the VNIR and dissimilarity in the SWIR.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Farrand, W. H.
(Science Applications International Corp. Falls Church, VA, United States)
Singer, R. B.
(Arizona Univ. Tucson., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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