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Petrogenesis of Apollo 12 mare basalts. Part 1: Multiple melts and fractional crystallization to explain olivine and ilmenite basalt compositionsMare basalts returned by the Apollo 12 mission have been divided into 4 groups on the basis of mineralogy and whole-rock chemistry: olivine basalts; pigeonite basalts; ilmenite basalts; and feldspathic basalts. James and Wright and Rhodes et al. concluded that the olivine and pigeonite groups were co-magmatic and that the within group variations are due to fractional crystallization of olivine and minor Cr-spinel, with pigeonite replacing olivine in the pigeonite basalts. Rhodes et al. concluded that the parental compositions for these suites were probably represented by the vitrophyres, and the olivine basalts are comprised essentially of cumulates and the pigeonites of evolved end-members. However, Neal et al. have demonstrated, using trace-element considerations, that the Apollo 12 olivine and pigeonite suites are not related. The ilmenite basalts were studied extensively by Dungan and Brown who noted that both cumulates and evolved fractionates were present within this group. In their modeling, Dungan and Brown used the vitrophyre compositions as parents. Neal et al. demonstrated that the feldspathic suite was probably comprised of only one member - 12038. Herein, the ilmenite and olivine basalts are demonstrated to be the products of several non-modal partial melting events of a single source followed by closed-system fractional crystallization.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Neal, Clive R. (Notre Dame Univ. IN, United States)
Taylor, Lawrence A. (Tennessee Univ. Knoxville., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 3: N-Z
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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