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Chronology, eruption duration, and atmospheric contribution of Apollinaris Patera, MarsGeologic mapping from Viking image data of the Martian volcano Apollinaris Patera allowed identification of 6 major events that shaped its current morphology. Derivation of new topographic data allowed accurate estimates of the volume of erupted products from which estimates of an eruption duration are presented for the edifice and its corresponding atmospheric water contribution. Topographic data were acquired using stereophotogrammetric (Viking picnos 603A42, 639A92) techniques in both profiling and contouring modes (1 km contour). The profiling mode results in a more precise measurement than the contouring mode, but is limited in its areal coverage. The contour data are used in a more general sense to provide synoptic coverage for the volcano. These new stereophotogrammetric measurements constrain the topography to an accuracy of approximately 800 m vertically and approximately 1000 m horizontally. Conversion of the derived contour map to a raster based digital elevation model (DEM) was done by a growing contours interpolation. An ambiguity arises in this volume calculation due to an uncertainty regarding the actual base of the volcano relative to the pre-existing topography. Thus, the volume estimate was bracketed by using the 100 m and the 750 m elevations, which generally correspond to the lower and upper portions of the circumferential basal scarp, respectively. The resulting volumes are 103,000 cu km and 97,000 cu km; therefore the total volume of Apollinaris Patera is estimated to be approximately 100,000 cu km.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Robinson, M. S. (Hawaii Univ. Hilo, HI, United States)
Mouginis-Mark, P. J. (Hawaii Univ. Hilo, HI, United States)
Zimbelman, J. R. (Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC., United States)
Wu, S. S. C. (Geological Survey Flagstaff, AZ., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 3: N-Z
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19940015909Analytic PrimaryWorkshop on the Martian Northern Plains: Sedimentological, Periglacial, and Paleoclimatic Evolution19940016163Analytic PrimaryTwenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 3: N-Z