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SPH modelling of energy partitioning during impacts on VenusImpact cratering of the Venusian planetary surface by meteorites was investigated numerically using the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method. Venus presently has a dense atmosphere. Vigorous transfer of energy between impacting meteorites, the planetary surface, and the atmosphere is expected during impact events. The investigation concentrated on the effects of the atmosphere on energy partitioning and the flow of ejecta and gas. The SPH method is particularly suitable for studying complex motion, especially because of its ability to be extended to three dimensions. In our simulations, particles representing impactors and targets are initially set to a uniform density, and those of atmosphere are set to be in hydrostatic equilibrium. Target, impactor, and atmosphere are represented by 9800, 80, and 4200 particles, respectively. A Tillotson equation of state for granite is assumed for the target and impactor, and an ideal gas with constant specific heat ratio is used for the atmosphere. Two dimensional axisymmetric geometry was assumed and normal impacts of 10km diameter projectiles with velocities of 5, 10, 20, and 40 km/s, both with and without an atmosphere present were modeled.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Takata, T. (California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Ahrens, T. J. (California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 3: N-Z
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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