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Origin of high-Ti lunar ultramafic glassesA series of high pressure melting experiments were performed on a synthetic analog of the Apollo 14 Black Glass. At 15 kb and 1400 C, olivine is the liquidus phase. At 25 kb and 1450 C, orthopyroxene and Cr-spinel crystallize. A multiple saturation point with olivine + orthopyroxene + spinel on the liquidus occurs at 20 kb and 1440 C. It was proposed that the high-Ti ultramafic glass evolved from a low-Ti Green Glass generated deep in the lunar interior that assimilated shallow-level, late stage cumulates of magma ocean differentiation. Heat for assimilation is provided by superheat of the low-Ti magma and melts high-Ca pyroxene and ilmenite cumulates at a depth of 100 km. This model is a variant of that proposed by Hubbard and Minear and rejected by Ringwood and Kesson.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Wagner, T. P.
(Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Grove, T. L.
(Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 3: N-Z
Subject Category
Inorganic And Physical Chemistry
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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