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A classification scheme for the morphology of lava flow fieldsAnalysis of the processes controlling the advance of lava flows shows that, if no other factors intervene, thermal constraints will act to limit the maximum length of a flow being fed at a given volume or mass effusion rate from a vent. These constraints can be characterized through the Gratz number, which takes on a large value at the vent and decreases down flow. Early application of this principle showed that, despite the many subtleties of modes of heat loss from flows, motion apparently ceases when the Gratz number has decreased to a value close to 300. Recent analyses of flow units from the 1983-86 Pu'u 'O'o eruption of Kilauea and of other, more silicic lava flow units confirm this finding.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Wilson, L. (Lancaster Univ. United Kingdom)
Pinkerton, H. (Lancaster Univ. United Kingdom)
Head, James W. (Brown Univ. Providence, RI., United States)
Roberts, K. Magee (Brown Univ. Providence, RI., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 3: N-Z
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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