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NASA's Seasonal-to-Interannual Prediction Project: In Partnership With the NCCSResearchers with NASA's Season-to-Interannual Prediction Project (NSIPP) refer to different types of memory when running models on NCCS computers: the computer memory required for their models and the memory of the atmosphere or the ocean. Because of the atmosphere's chaotic nature, its memory is short. For weather predictions, the initial information taken from atmospheric observations has a limited useful life. Currently, there is no way to take observations, initialize an atmosphere model, integrate ahead in time, and make an accurate weather forecast beyond about 2 weeks. After that, the system becomes chaotic. What conditions could be used to make predictions beyond 2 weeks? If not conditions in the atmosphere, then the memory must be found somewhere else. That place is in the oceans. Although most changes in the atmosphere vary on a short timescale, the weather being a prime example, some important large atmospheric climate variations occur over much longer timescales-month s, years, or decades. NSIPP is interested specifically in those phenomena that occur over timescales of several months to a few years, and the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the most significant of these.
Document ID
Document Type
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 2002
Publication Information
Publication: 1999 NCCS Highlights
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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