Comparison of Synchrotron MicroXANES Determination of Fe(3+)/Sigma Fe with Moessbauer Values for Clean Mineral Separates of Pyroxene from Martian MeteoritesThe oxidation state of Fe in Martian meteorites is a parameter of great interest and the ability to determine this value in micrometer scale samples is important. Intense, tunable x-ray sources at large synchrotron storage rings are being exploited to examine the Fe K-absorption edge with energy resolution of approx. 1-1.5eV in spots of 10x15 microns on thin sections of a wide variety of materials including several Martian meteorites. Synchrotron microXANES (SmX) spectroscopy is the technique that provides the most flexible capability for investigating Fe(3+)/Sigma Fe. Variation of Fe(3+)/Sigma Fe is manifested as a function of the energy of the pre-edge to the Fe absorption edge produced by the sample. SmX is at present the only technique that can be used with conventional polished thin sections. Data for a broad spectrum of minerals have been produced and indicate that SmX can be used with a large variety of samples types.
Delaney, J. S. (Rutgers Univ. Piscataway, NJ, United States)
Dyar, M. D. (Mount Holyoke Coll. South Hadley, MA, United States)