OMEGA Observations of Mars Analogue RocksIn the last 20 years, imaging spectrometry in the visible and near infrared onboard spacecraft has become an essential technique to study surfaces and atmospheres of planetary objects, prior and in addition to in-situ analyses. Remote sensing experiments analyzing the sunlight reflected by planetary surfaces can be used to derive the mineralogical composition and physical properties of the natural surfaces and atmospheres observed. This technique was successfully used on Mars with ISM instrument. As an improvement of ISM, OMEGA onboard MARS-EXPRESS will play a key role in the mineralogical mapping of the Martian surface. We present the reflectance measurements made with OMEGA during on ground calibration sessions on natural slabs of rocks and minerals part of a database which will be used on similar future American instruments (as CRISM onboard MRO). We discuss the implication on the scientific capabilities of OMEGA instrument.
Bonello, G. (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Rome, Italy)
Bibring, J. P. (Paris Univ. France)
Morris, R. V. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Mustard, J. F. (Brown Univ. Providence, RI, United States)