Meter-Scale 3-D Models of the Martian Surface from Combining MOC and MOLA DataWe have extended our previous efforts to derive through controlled photoclinometry, accurate, calibrated, high-resolution topographic models of the martian surface. The process involves combining MGS MOLA topographic profiles and MGS MOC Narrow Angle images. The earlier work utilized, along with a particular MOC NA image, the MOLA topographic profile that was acquired simultaneously, in order to derive photometric and scattering properties of the surface and atmosphere so as to force the low spatial frequencies of a one-dimensional MOC photoclinometric model to match the MOLA profile. Both that work and the new results reported here depend heavily on successful efforts to: 1) refine the radiometric calibration of MOC NA; 2) register the MOC to MOLA coordinate systems and refine the pointing; and 3) provide the ability to project into a common coordinate system, simultaneously acquired MOC and MOLA with a single set of SPICE kernels utilizing the USGS ISIS cartographic image processing tools. The approach described in this paper extends the MOC-MOLA integration and cross-calibration procedures from one-dimensional profiles to full two-dimensional photoclinometry and image simulations. Included are methods to account for low-frequency albedo variations within the scene.
Soderblom, Laurence A. (Geological Survey Flagstaff, AZ, United States)
Kirk, Randolph L. (Geological Survey Flagstaff, AZ, United States)