Analysis of Multispectral Galileo SSI Images of the Conamara Chaos Region, EuropaMultispectral imaging of Europa s surface by Galileo s Solid State Imaging (SSI) camera has revealed two major surface color units, which appear as white and red-brown regions in enhanced color images of the surface (see figure). The Galileo Near- Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (NIMS) experiment suggests that the whitish material is icy, almost pure water ice, while the spectral signatures of the reddish regions are dominated by a non-ice material. Two endmember models have been proposed for the composition of the non-ice material: magnesium sulfate hydrates  and sulfuric acid and its byproducts . There is also debate concerning whether the origin of this non-ice material is exogenic or endogenic .Goals: The key questions this work addresses are: 1) Is the non-ice material exogenic or endogenic in origin? 2) Once emplaced, is this non-ice material primarily modified by exogenic or endogenic processes? 3) Is the non-ice material within ridges, bands, chaos, and lenticulae the same non-ice material across all such geological features? 4) Does the distribution of the non-ice material provide any evidence for or against any of the various models for feature formation? 5) To what extent do the effects of scattered light in SSI images change the spectral signatures of geological features?
Spaun, N. A. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Phillips, C. B. (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Inst. Mountain View, CA, United States)