Active Solid State Dosimetry for Lunar EVAThe primary threat to astronauts from space radiation is high-energy charged particles, such as electrons, protons, alpha and heavier particles, originating from galactic cosmic radiation (GCR), solar particle events (SPEs) and trapped radiation belts in Earth orbit. There is also the added threat of secondary neutrons generated as the space radiation interacts with atmosphere, soil and structural materials. For Lunar exploration missions, the habitats and transfer vehicles are expected to provide shielding from standard background radiation. Unfortunately, the Lunar Extravehicular Activity (EVA) suit is not expected to afford such shielding. Astronauts need to be aware of potentially hazardous conditions in their immediate area on EVA before a health and hardware risk arises. These conditions would include fluctuations of the local radiation field due to changes in the space radiation field and unknown variations in the local surface composition. Should undue exposure occur, knowledge of the dynamic intensity conditions during the exposure will allow more precise diagnostic assessment of the potential health risk to the exposed individual.
Wrbanek, John D. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Fralick, Gustave C. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Wrbanek, Susan Y. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Chen, Liang-Yu. (Ohio Aerospace Inst. Brook Park, OH, United States)
August 23, 2013
January 1, 2006
Publisher: Lunar and Planetary Inst.
Meeting: Space Resources Roundtable VII: LEAG Conference on Lunar Exploration