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A General Approach to the Geostationary Transfer Orbit Mission RecoveryThis paper discusses recovery scenarios for geosynchronous satellites injected in a non-nominal orbit due to a launcher underperformance. The theory on minimum-fuel orbital transfers is applied to develop an operational tool capable to design a recovery mission. To obtain promising initial guesses for the recovery three complementary techniques are used: p-optimized impulse function contouring, a numerical impulse function minimization and the solutions to the switching equations. The tool evaluates the feasibility of a recovery with the on-board propellant of the spacecraft and performs the complete mission design. This design takes into account for various mission operational constraints such as e.g., the requirement of multiple finite-duration burns, third-body orbital perturbations, spacecraft attitude constraints and ground station visibility. In a final case study, we analyze the consequences of a premature breakdown of an upper rocket stage engine during injection on a geostationary transfer orbit, as well as the possible recovery solution with the satellite on-board propellant.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Goddard Space Flight Center
Document Type
Conference Paper
Faber, Nicolas
(SES Astra S.A. Luxembourg, France)
Aresini, Andrea
(SES Astra S.A. Luxembourg, France)
Wauthier, Pascal
(SES Astra S.A. Luxembourg, France)
Francken, Philippe
(SES Astra S.A. Luxembourg, France)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
September 24, 2007
Publication Information
Publication: Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Flight Dynamics
Subject Category
Spacecraft Design, Testing And Performance
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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