Lightweight Low Force Rotary Percussive Coring Tool for Planetary ApplicationsA prototype low-force rotary-percussive rock coring tool for use in acquiring samples for geological surveys in future planetary missions was developed. The coring tool could eventually enable a lightweight robotic system to operate from a relatively small (less than 200 kg) mobile or fixed platform to acquire and cache Mars or other planetary rock samples for eventual return to Earth for analysis. To gain insight needed to design an integrated coring tool, the coring ability of commercially available coring bits was evaluated for effectiveness of varying key parameters: weight-on-bit, rotation speed, percussive rate and force. Trade studies were performed for different methods of breaking a core at its base and for retaining the core in a sleeve to facilitate sample transfer. This led to a custom coring tool design which incorporated coring, core breakage, core retention, and core extraction functions. The coring tool was tested on several types of rock and demonstrated the overall feasibility of this approach for robotic rock sample acquisition.
Hironaka, Ross (MDA Information Systems, Inc. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Stanley, Scott (Techno Planet, Inc. Northridge, CA, United States)
August 29, 2013
May 12, 2010
Publication: Proceedings of the 40th Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium