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a multi-gravity docking and utilities transfer system for a common habitat architectureThe Common Habitat architecture, a study architecture based on a large habitat derived from the SLS Core Stage Liquid Oxygen tank and designed to operate in microgravity, lunar surface, and Mars surface environments, requires a pressurized docking and berthing system that also works in all three domains. Prior flown docking systems have only been designed for microgravity, but a prototype suit port-derived docking system was developed under the Constellation program for the lunar surface. This system employed an active-active mating adapter approach consisting of a simplistic passive docking system on all spacecraft and a pressurized mating adapter with active systems on each end to form the docking connection. Derived from this approach, the Common Habitat architecture will use a multi-gravity active-active mating adapter (MGAAMA) to perform this function on the Moon, Mars, and in microgravity, connecting the various pressurized elements needed for surface base camps or deep space habitation. Design aspects and open trades of the MGAAMA system will be described. In addition to forming a structural connection and enabling the transfer of crew and equipment, the MGAAMA must also transfer utilities in the form of gases, fluids, power, and data. The MGAAMA is also designed with a degree of articulation in order to accommodate significant angular misalignment. Due to the environmental conditions the MGAAMA will experience, dust and thermal protection systems are discussed. Because the MGAAMA involves docking to spacecraft with different docking systems of different sizes, the MGAAMA is a family of docking systems with interfaces compatible with current and legacy spacecraft docking systems.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Robert L Howard, Jr.
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2021
Subject Category
Spacecraft Design, Testing and Performance
Meeting Information
Funding Number(s)
WBS: 452582.81.72
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Technical Review
Single Expert
Utilities Transfer
Pressurized Mating Adapter
Crew Transfer

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NameType A Multi-Gravity Docking and Utilities Transfer System for a Common Habitat Architecture.pdf STI