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Fault tectonics and earthquake hazards in parts of southern CaliforniaThe author has identified the following significant results. Four previously unknown faults were discovered in basement terrane of the Peninsular Ranges. These have been named the San Ysidro Creek fault, Thing Valley fault, Canyon City fault, and Warren Canyon fault. In addition fault gouge and breccia were recognized along the San Diego River fault. Study of features on Skylab imagery and review of geologic and seismic data suggest that the risk of a damaging earthquake is greater along the northwestern portion of the Elsinore fault than along the southeastern portion. Physiographic indicators of active faulting along the Garlock fault identifiable in Skylab imagery include scarps, linear ridges, shutter ridges, faceted ridges, linear valleys, undrained depressions and offset drainage. The following previously unrecognized fault segments are postulated for the Salton Trough Area: (1) An extension of a previously known fault in the San Andreas fault set located southeast of the Salton Sea; (2) An extension of the active San Jacinto fault zone along a tonal change in cultivated fields across Mexicali Valley ( the tonal change may represent different soil conditions along opposite sides of a fault). For the Skylab and LANDSAT images studied, pseudocolor transformations offer no advantages over the original images in the recognition of faults in Skylab and LANDSAT images. Alluvial deposits of different ages, a marble unit and iron oxide gossans of the Mojave Mining District are more readily differentiated on images prepared from ratios of individual bands of the S-192 multispectral scanner data. The San Andreas fault was also made more distinct in the 8/2 and 9/2 band ratios by enhancement of vegetation differences on opposite sides of the fault. Preliminary analysis indicates a significant earth resources potential for the discrimination of soil and rock types, including mineral alteration zones. This application should be actively pursued.
Document ID
19760016574
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Authors
Merifield, P. M. (California Earth Science Corp. Santa Monica, CA, United States)
Lamar, D. L. (California Earth Science Corp. Santa Monica, CA, United States)
Gazley, C., Jr. (RAND Corp. Santa Monica, Calif., United States)
Lamar, J. V. (RAND Corp. Santa Monica, Calif., United States)
Stratton, R. H. (RAND Corp. Santa Monica, Calif., United States)
Date Acquired
September 3, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1976
Subject Category
EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
Report/Patent Number
E76-10337
NASA-CR-144477
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS2-7698
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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