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Integrated INS/GPS Navigation from a Popular Perspective
NTRS Full-Text: Click to View  [PDF Size: 172 KB]
External Online Source: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/000/700/744/JAT71-9.pdf
Author and Affiliation:
Omerbashich, Mensur(New Brunswick Univ., Fredericton, New Brunswick Canada)
Abstract: Inertial navigation, blended with other navigation aids, Global Positioning System (GPS) in particular, has gained significance due to enhanced navigation and inertial reference performance and dissimilarity for fault tolerance and anti-jamming. Relatively new concepts based upon using Differential GPS (DGPS) blended with Inertial (and visual) Navigation Sensors (INS) offer the possibility of low cost, autonomous aircraft landing. The FAA has decided to implement the system in a sophisticated form as a new standard navigation tool during this decade. There have been a number of new inertial sensor concepts in the recent past that emphasize increased accuracy of INS/GPS versus INS and reliability of navigation, as well as lower size and weight, and higher power, fault tolerance, and long life. The principles of GPS are not discussed; rather the attention is directed towards general concepts and comparative advantages. A short introduction to the problems faced in kinematics is presented. The intention is to relate the basic principles of kinematics to probably the most used navigation method in the future-INS/GPS. An example of the airborne INS is presented, with emphasis on how it works. The discussion of the error types and sources in navigation, and of the role of filters in optimal estimation of the errors then follows. The main question this paper is trying to answer is 'What are the benefits of the integration of INS and GPS and how is this, navigation concept of the future achieved in reality?' The main goal is to communicate the idea about what stands behind a modern navigation method.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2002
Document ID:
20020041935
(Acquired May 03, 2002)
Subject Category: AIRCRAFT COMMUNICATIONS AND NAVIGATION
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Journal of Air Transportation (ISSN 1093-8826); Volume 7; No. 1; 103-118; (LCCN-HE9761.1-J68); (SEE 20160004342)
Publisher Information: Nebraska Univ., Omaha, NE, United States
Financial Sponsor: New Brunswick Univ.; Fredericton, New Brunswick Canada
NASA; Washington, DC, United States
Organization Source: New Brunswick Univ.; Fredericton, New Brunswick Canada
Description: 16p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright; Distribution under U.S. Government purpose rights
NASA Terms: KINEMATICS; NAVIGATION AIDS; INERTIAL NAVIGATION; GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM; ERRORS
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